Have you ever heard the expression, “At the ends of the world”? We are sure that you have heard of it, or even said it yourself. And many of you have probably thought, “Where are these lands?”
Tripatom has brought you five places, each of which can be considered on the edge of the earth. Let’s take a look and see what some of the Five Ends of the Earth look like.
Located in the Arctic Ocean, Spitsbergen is a vast polar archipelago belonging to the Kingdom of Norway. Glaciers occupy more than half the area of this group of islands, which are home to more than 2,500 people.
Previously, life in Svalbard revolved around coal mining. Recently, however, tourism has been developing. Currently, Svalbard is one of the main centers of polar tourism. Cruise ships from northern Europe, and specialized ice-class tourist boats for excursions to the Arctic, regularly stop in the port of Longyearbyen. The city has several hotels (including the SAS Radisson), bars, and good restaurants catering to the Arctic theme (e.g., restaurant Kroa “the edge of the earth”). It operates a very interesting polar museum. To visit the archipelago, a visa is required.
Interesting fact: Svalbard has a functioning Global Seed Vault. Seed samples of wild plant species are stored and cultivated in proper conditions in case of a disaster.
Stewart Island, New Zealand
The impressive picture above is of Australia’s southern coastline. However, a little farther south lies New Zealand’s Stewart Island, which can truly be considered at the edge of the world.
Stewart Island or Rakiura is the archipelago’s third largest island. It lies 30 km to the south of South Island and is separated from it by the Foveaux Strait. More than 80 percent of its territory belongs to Rakiura National Park. Steward Island has only one village, Oban, which has just over 300 inhabitants.
Interesting fact: Because of a magnetic anomaly on the island, and its high latitudes (48 ° S), it is not uncommon to view auroras.
Wild and beautiful Patagonia is in the southern part of South America, in Chile and Argentina. This is a land of strong winds, steppes, mountains, and glaciers. It is practically unpopulated – the population density is only two inhabitants per km2.
However, further in the direction of the Antarctic is “Tierra del Fuego”, which hosts the city of Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world. There is a reason tourists come here. Not only can you visit museums dedicated to the island’s history, flora, and fauna, you can also witness penguins and sea lions.
Interesting fact: Ushuaia is the main starting point for tours to Antarctica.
Cape of Good Hope and Cape Agulhas, South Africa
Referring to South Africa as the end of the world would be a stretch, but in all fairness, there is nothing but boundless ocean between it and Antarctica. The closest point to the ice continent is Cape Agulhas, considered to be the point where the Atlantic and Indian oceans join.
When thinking of southern Africa, it is impossible not to recall the Cape of Good Hope, much more famous than the Cape Agulhas. The coastline of the African continent here turns to the east, opening a passage from the Atlantic to the Indian side. The distance between the two aforementioned capes is – 155 km.
Interesting fact: The legendary Flying Dutchman is thought to have been lost off of the Cape of Good Hope.
Diomede Islands, Bering Strait
In the heart of the Bering Strait between Chukotka and Alaska are two small islands, Big and Little Diomede. Little Diomede belongs to the United States while Big Diomede belongs to the Russian Federation. The distance between them is just 4 km.
During World War II and the Cold War Russia placed military bases on Big Diomed, some of which remain in operation. The other island is the Eskimo village of Diomede, which opened a school and a shop and post office, which, in good weather, is delivered by helicopter.
Interesting fact: International Date Line runs between the two islands, so the time difference between the islands is exactly one day. Because of this, the island is sometimes called the Island tomorrow (Big Diomede) and Island yesterday (Little Diomede).
You can visit these places on the ends of the earth five times, or even more! What other interesting and distant places do you know of? Share with Tripatom in the comments and do not forget to subscribe!